Going public refers to a process by which a private company can become a publicly traded company. This process involves the company issuing shares of stock to the public, which can be purchased by investors. Going public can provide a company with access to capital, increased liquidity, and greater visibility. It can also provide the company's founders and early investors with an opportunity to monetize their investments. The process of going public is complex and involves a number of steps, including filing a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).